Skip Navigation LinksHome / Academics / Teaching and Research / Research and Publications

Research and Publications

Babson Faculty members are the leading providers of global entrepreneurship intellectual capital. Their path-breaking entrepreneurship research defines, shapes, and advances the field throughout the world. Faculty research can be seen in leading academic journals and best-selling textbooks. Some examples of recent publications – entrepreneurship books, book chapters, papers - are listed below.

Refereed Journal Publications

2006

Brian Abraham

Abraham, B.M., Bales, James, “Bluefin’s AUVs: Current and Potential Low Observability Missions”, Underwater Defense Technologies Symposium, December 2006 (San Diego, CA).

Abraham, B.M., “Innovation”, Ohio Business Week Foundation, Youngstown State University, July 2006 (Youngstown, OH).

Abraham, B.M., “Modular Autonomous Underwater Vehicles”, Underwater Defense Technologies Symposium, June 2006 (Hamburg, Germany).

Abraham, B.M., “The Role of AUVs in Oceanographic Research”, Marine Science Congressional Briefing”, April 2006 (North Dartmouth, MA).

Abraham, B.M., “Entrepreneurial Strategies for Innovation and Growth”, Babson Executive Education, Babson College, May 22-24, 2006 (Wellesley, MA).

Elaine Allen

Growing by Degrees: The Quality and Extent of Online Education in the Southern Regional Conference, 2003 – 2005 (with J Seaman), May 2006 published by SREB, Atlanta, GA.

The Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) 2005 Report on Entrepreneurship in the United States (with E Bulvaag and Z Acs), June 2006 published by Babson College and the London School of Business.

The Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) 2005 Report on Women and Entrepreneurship (with M Minitti and N Langowitz), March 2006 published by Babson College and the London School of Business.

Candy Brush

Edelman, L.E., Manolova, T. & Brush, C.G. “Entrepreneurial Education: Correspondence between Practices of Nascent Entrepreneurs and Textbook Prescriptions for Success”, accepted and forthcoming at Academy of Management Learning and Education.

Brush, C.G., Carter, N.M. Greene, P.G., Hart, M.M. & Gatewood, E. 2006 “The Use of Bootstrapping by Women Entrepreneurs in Positioning for Growth”, Venture Capital Journal, 8:2, 1-19

Brush, C.G., Manolova, T. & Edelman, T., “The Effect of Initial Location Choice on Resource Assembly and First Sale in Nascent Firms”, Journal of Small Business Management, forthcoming

Eunni, R. & Brush, C.G. 2006. “Determinants of Multinational Transfer Pricing Strategies”, with Dr. Rangamohan Eunni, The Journal of Global Business, 16:32, 39-46

Patti Greene

Brush, C.G., Carter, N. M., Greene, P. G., Hart M. M., & Gatewood, E. J. 2006. Bootstrapping by Women Entrepreneurs in Positioning for Growth. Venture Capital: An International Journal of Entrepreneurial Finance 8 (1/2).

Donna Kelley

Hayton, James and Kelley, Donna. (2006). A Competency-Based Framework for Promoting Corporate Entrepreneurship. Human Resource Management. 45(3), 407-427.

Kelley, Donna, and Lee, Hyunsuk. (2006). Toward a Framework for Understanding the Management of Entrepreneurs in Established Organizations. Journal of Business Research (Korea). 21(3), 1-26.

Lee, Hyunsuk, Kelley, Donna, and Rice Mark. (2006). An Agency Theory Perspective on Managing Innovation-Based Corporate Entrepreneurship: Applying Insights from the U.S. to a Korean Multinational Firm. Journal of Strategic Management (Korea). 9(1), 1-19.

Schiffman Stephen

Schiffman, S., “Business Issues in Online Education”, Elements of Quality Online Education: Engaging Communities, Volume 6 in the Sloan-C series, 2005 [n.b. this publication was forthcoming on last annual review; it was published during this review period]

Miller, G., Schiffman, S. “ALN Business Models and the Transformation of Higher Education”, Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks 10(2): May 2006

Vignare, K., Geith C., Schiffman, S., “Business Models for Online Learning: An Exploratory Survey”, Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks 10(2): May 2006

Books

2006

Elaine Allen

iGrafx: Solutions for Process Excellence, Corel, Inc., in Quality Progress, June.

Design and Analysis of Gauge R&R Studies, Richard K. Burdick, Connie M. Borror and Douglas C. Montgomery, SIAM, in Quality Progress, March.

Statistics for Experimenters, George E.P. Box, J. Stuart Hunter and William G. Hunter, Wiley-Interscience, in Quality Progress, January.

Candy Brush

Brush, C.G., Carter, N., Gatewood, E., Greene, P.G., & Hart, M (Eds.) 2006. The Diana Project International: Research on Growth of Women-owned Businesses Cheltenham, UK: Edward F. Elgar Publishing

Brush, C.G., Carter, N., Gatewood, E., Greene, P.G., & Hart, M (Eds.) 2006 Women Entrepreneurs: Classics and New Directions, Cheltenham, UK: Edward F. Elgar Publishing

2004

Influence Without Authority. Cohen, A. R. & Bradford, D. L. 2nd ed. Wiley, 2004.

Elements of Quality Online Education: Into the Mainstream. Bourne, J. R. & Moore, J. C. Sloan Consortium, 2004.

Clearing the Hurdles: Women Building High-Growth Businesses. Brush, C. G., Carter, N. M. & Greene, P.G. FT/Prentice Hall, 2004.

Business Evolves, Leadership Endures: Leadership Traits that Stand the Test of Time. Redmond, A., Tribbett, C. & Kasanoff, B.. Easton Studio Press, 2004.

Business Plans that Work: A Guide for Small Business. Timmons, J. A., Zacharakis, A. & Spinelli, S. McGraw-Hill, 2004.

How to Raise Capital: Techniques and Strategies for Financing and Valuing Your Small Business. Timmons, J. A., Spinelli, S. & A. Zacharakis. McGraw-Hill, 2004.

The Portable MBA in Entrepreneurship, 3rd edition, Bygrave, W.D., & Zacharakis, A.L. (Editors), New York: Wiley, 2004.

2003

Elements of Quality Online Education: Practice and Direction. Bourne, J. R. & Moore, J. C. Sloan Consortium, 2003.

Franchising: Pathway to Wealth. Spinelli, S., Birley, S. & Rosenberg, R. Prentice Hall-Financial Times, Summer 2003.

New Venture Creation for the 21st Century, (sixth edition), Spinelli, S. & Timmons, J. McGraw-Hill, Spring 2003.

Getting Bigger by Growing Smaller. Shulman, J. & Stallkamp, T. Prentice Hall Financial Times, 2003.

2002

Contemporary Issues in Strategic Management Research. Zahra, S., Editor. Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing, 2002.

Book Chapters

2006

Candy Brush

Brush, C.G. 2006. “Women Entrepreneurs: A Research Overview”. in Basu, A., Casson, M., Wadeson, N. & Yeung, B. (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Entrepreneurship, London, UK: Oxford Publishing (forthcoming).

Brush, C.G., Greene, P.G. & Gatewood, E. J. 2006. “Perspectives on Women Entrepreneurs: Past Findings and New Directions”, with Dr. Patricia Greene, and Dr. Elizabeth Gatewood in Minniti, M. (ed.) Praeger Perspectives on Entrepreneurship, Vol. 1 (forthcoming)

Gartner, W. & Brush, C.G. 2006. “Entrepreneurship as Organizing: Emergence, Newness and Transformation”, 2006. in Habbershon, T.; Spinelli, S. & Zacharakis, A. (ed.) Praeger Perspectives on Entrepreneurship, Vol. 2 (forthcoming)

Carter, N., Brush, C.G., Gatewood, E., Greene, P. & Hart, M. 2006. “Enhancing Women’s Financial Strategies for Entrepreneurial Success”, in Henry, Colette (ed.) Promoting Female Entrepreneurship: Implications for Education, Training and Policy, Routledge Press, in press

Brush, C.G. 2006. “Scoring a Home Run: Taking Steps to Get Your Work Published”, in Neergard, H., & Ulhoi, J.P. (eds.) Qualitative Research Methods in Entrepreneurship, Routledge Press, in press

Brush, C.G., Carter, N., Gatewood, E., Greene, P. & Hart, M. 2006. Introduction: the Diana Project International, in Brush, C.G., Carter, N., Gatewood, E., Greene, P.G., & Hart, M (Eds.) The Diana Project International: Research on Growth of Women-owned Businesses Cheltenham, UK: Edward F. Elgar Publishing

Brush, C.G., Carter, N., Gatewood, E., Greene, P. & Hart, M. 2006. Women’s Entrepreneurship in the United States. in Brush, C.G., Carter, N., Gatewood, E., Greene, P.G., & Hart, M (Eds.) The Diana Project International: Research on Growth of Women-owned Businesses Cheltenham, UK: Edward F. Elgar Publishing

Patti Greene

Greene, P.G. & Butler, J.S. 2006 (Forthcoming). The sociology of entrepreneurship as a provider of context. In Rice, M. and Habbershon, T. (Editors). Entrepreneurship, Volume 3: Places and Policy, Praeger Perspectives, Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, an imprint of Greenwood Publishing Group.

Greene, P.G., Brush, C.G., & Gatewood, E.J. 2006. (Forthcoming) Perspectives on women entrepreneurs: Past findings and new directions. In Minnitti, M. (Editor). Entrepreneurship, Volume x: People, Praeger Perspectives, Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, an imprint of Greenwood Publishing Group.

Greene, P.G. & Rice, M. (Editors). (Forthcoming) Entrepreneurship Education. Edited volume. Cheltenham, UK: Edward F. Elgar Publishing. Diana Project.

Brush, C.G., Carter, N.M., Gatewood, E., Greene, P.G. & Hart, M. (Editors). 2006. The Classics in Women’s Entrepreneurship. Edited volume. Cheltenham, UK: Edward F. Elgar Publishing. Diana Project.

Brush, C.G., Carter, N.M., Gatewood, E., Greene, P.G. & Hart, M. (Editors). 2006. International Women’s Entrepreneurship: Research on the Growth of Women Owned Businesses. Edited volume. Cheltenham, UK: Edward F. Elgar Publishing.

Donna Kelley

Kelley, Donna. (2006). Beyond the Champion-Centric View: A Systems-Level Perspective on Innovation-Based Corporate Entrepreneurship. In Shaker Zahra, ed., Handbook of Corporate Entrepreneurship. Elger: UK.

Kelley, Donna, and Marram, Edward. (2006). Entrepreneurial Growth. In William Bygrave and Andrew Zacharakis, Entrepreneurship. John Wiley & Sons: New York.

Schiffman Stephen

Schiffman, S.,"F.W. Olin College of Engineering: The Evolution of Entrepreneurial Education at a New Engineering College" pp. 108-123, in Leading International Practices in Engineering Entrepreneurship Education, Editor Pedro Vilarinho, COTEC, Portugal.

2005

“The Search Process and Dimensions of Long-Term Growth.” Bhardwaj, G., Camillus, J. C. & Hounshell, D. A. In S. W. Floyd, editor, Innovating Strategy Process (Strategic Management Society book series). Blackwell Pub., 2005.

“Entrepreneurship, Organizational Learning, and Capability Building.” Gedajlovic, E. & Zahra, S. A. In S. W. Floyd, editor, Innovating Strategy Process (Strategic Management Society book series). Blackwell Pub., 2005.

2004

“International Corporate Entrepreneurship and the Evolution of Organizational Competence : A Knowledge-Based Perspective.” Zahra, S. A., Neck, H. M. & Kelley, D. J. In Shepherd, D. A. & Katz, J. A., editors, Corporate Entrepreneurship (Advances in Entrepreneurship, Firm Emergence and Growth ; v. 7). Elsevier/JAI, 2004.

“Chapter 2: Bringing Radical and Other Major Innovations Successfully to Market Bridging the Transition from R&D to Operations” O’ Connor, Gina: Hyland, Joanne; and Rice, Mark P.. To be published in The PDMA ToolBook2 for New Product Development: Organizational, Process and Portfolio Tools. Wiley and Sons, 2004.

“Writing a business plan.” Zacharakis, A.L. In W. Bygrave & A. Zacharakis (Eds.) The Portable MBA in Entrepreneurship, 3rd edition. New York: Wiley. Pgs. 107-140, 2004.

“Building your pro forma financial statements.” Zacharakis, A.L. In W. Bygrave & A. Zacharakis (Eds.) The Portable MBA in Entrepreneurship, 3rd edition. New York: Wiley. Pgs. 141-166, 2004.

2003

“Minority Entrepreneurship: Trends and Explanations.” Greene, P. G., Carter, N. M. & Reynolds, P. In Steyaert, C. & Hjorth, D. New Movements in Entrepreneurship. Edward Elgar Pub, 2003.

“Chapter 5 - Market Processes and Entrepreneurial Studies.” Koppl, R. & Minniti, M. In Ács, Z. J. & Audretsch, D. B., editors, Handbook of Entrepreneurship Research: An Interdisciplinary Survey and Introduction. Kluwer, 2003.

“Chapter 1 - Feminist Theory and the Study of Entrepreneurship.” Greer, M. J. & Greene, P. G. In Butler, J. E., editor, New Perspectives on Women Entrepreneurs. Information Age Pub., 1-24, 2003.

“Chapter 5 - Women Entrepreneurs: Breaking Through the Glass Barrier.” Langowitz, N. S. & Morgan, C. In Butler, J. E., editor, New Perspectives on Women Entrepreneurs. Information Age Pub.: 101-120, 2003.

“Chapter 10 - Women Business Owners and Managers in Poland.” Bliss, R. T., Polutnik, L. & Lisowska, E. In Butler, J. E., editor, New Perspectives on Women Entrepreneurs. Information Age Pub.: 225-242, 2003.

“International Corporate Entrepreneurship and the Evolution of Organizational Competence: A Knowledge-Based Perspective.” Zahra, S. A., Neck, H. M. & Kelley, D. J. In Shepherd, D. A. & Katz, J. A., editors, Corporate Entrepreneurship (Advances in Entrepreneurship, Firm Emergence and Growth ; v. 7). Elsevier/JAI, 2004.

Invited publications

Spinelli, S., Neck, H. M., & Timmons, J. (forthcoming) The Timmons model of the entrepreneurship process. In Andrew Zacharakis & Steve Spinelli (eds.) Entrepreneurship: The Engine of Growth, Volume 2. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing.

Neck, H. M., Bourne, J., & Schiffman, S. (2006) The Babson-Olin Symposium for Engineering Educations: Helping engineering faculty teach entrepreneurship. Proceedings of the American Society for Engineering Education, Chicago.

Practitioner publications

Elaine Allen

Individual Patient Meta-Analyses Using Hierarchical Modeling: Imputing Methods for Comparisons in Multi-Site Studies (with Christopher A. Seaman and Ingram Olkin) submitted to Psych Bulletin.

The Effect of Atypical Antipsychotic Drugs on Diabetes Incidence in Schizophrenia: A Meta-analysis (with GJ L’Italien, KM Pugner, J Mukherjee, W Carson, J Newcomer, V Toumari, and L Nalysnyk) submitted to the American Journal of Psychiatry.

Not all Statistically Significant Differences are Alike: Incorporating Equivalence into the Analysis, (with CA Seaman) Quality Progress, July.

Clinical benefits and risks with epoetin and darbepoetin in patients with chemotherapy-induced anemia: a systematic review of the literature (with SD Ross, CA Seaman, and B Sercus) Clinical Therapeutics. V.21No.6.

Accuracy of Calcaneal Quantitative Ultrasound for Identifying Patients Meeting the World Health Organization’s Diagnostic Criteria for Osteoporosis: A Systematic Review (with S Nayak, I Olkin, H Liu, M Grabe, MK Gould, DK Owens and D Bravada) Annals of Internal Medicine. 144:832-841.

Data Mining for Quality: Using data mining techniques to identify non-randomness in healthcare data, (with CA Seaman) Quality Progress, February.

Refereed Conference Presentations

Candy Brush

Aug. 2006 Manolova, T., Edelman, L. & Brush, C. “One Size Doesn’t Fit All: Growth Expectancies of US Women and Men Nascent Entrepreneurs”, Presented at the Annual Academy of Management Conference- Entrepreneurship Division, Atlanta, Georgia

July 2006 Chaganti, R., Chaganti, R. & Brush, C.“ An Inquiry into Timmons Model: A Study of Determinants of Opportunity, Resources and Team”, Presented at the SMU EDGE Conference, Singapore

June 2006 Brush, C.G., Monti, D., Gannon, A., & Ryan, A. “Inner City Entrepreneurs: Building Ventures and Expanding Community Ties”, Presented at the Annual Babson College Entrepreneurship Research Conference; Indianapolis, IND

June 2006 Brush, C.G., Monti, D., Gannon, A., & Ryan, A. “Building Ventures by Building Community”, Presented at the University of North Carolina Conference on Minority and Women’s Entrepreneurship, Chapel Hill, NC

Donna Kelley

Kelley, Donna, Peters, Lois, and O’Connor, Gina. (2006). The Dynamism of Organizational Networks: Managing the Nonroutine Process of Radical Innovation. Paper presented at the 2006 Academy of Management Conference, Atlanta, GA.

Kelley, Donna. (2006). The Evolution of Innovation Programs in Established Corporations. Paper presented at the Innovation Research Network 2006 Conference. Northeastern University, Boston, MA.

Heidi Neck

Corbett, A. C., Neck, H. M. (2006) An Empirical Investigation of the Cognitions of Corporate Entrepreneurs. Paper presented at the Babson College Entrepreneurship Research Conference (Indianapolis, IN).

Neck, H. M., Bourne, J., & Schiffman, S. (2006) The Babson-Olin Symposium for Engineering Educations: Helping engineering faculty teach entrepreneurship. Presented at the American Society for Engineering Educators national meeting (Chicago, IL).

Neck, H. M. (2006) Motivating Engineers to Engage in Entrepreneurship Pedagogy. Presented at the National Collegiate Inventors and Innovators Alliance annual meting (Portland, OR).

Invited Presentations

2006

Elaine Allen

Clinical benefits and risks associated with epoetin (alfa/beta) and darbepoetin alfa in patients with chemotherapy-induced anemia-a systematic review of the literature (with S Ross, D Henry, C Seaman, B Sercus, and L Goodnough) to be presented at the Annual Meeting of the Multinational Association for Supported Care in Cancer, June.

Hierarchical Modeling Using Individual Patient Meta-Analysis (with C Seaman and I Olkin) presented at the New England Statistical Symposium, Worcester, April.

The Impact of Delays on Operating Room Throughput (with I Gratz and E Pukenas) presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Anesthesia Research Society, March.

Evidence-Based Medicine Methodology, Amgen, Inc., Thousand Oaks, CA, March.

Patti Greene

Invited Keynote – International Council of Small Business, Melbourne, Australia.

Donna Kelley

Jinji University, Pusan, Korea. Co-presented, “Entrepreneurship Education in the U.S.,” 7/13/06.

Samsung Economic Research Institute (SERI), Seoul, Korea. Featured Speaker, “Innovation-Based Corporate Entrepreneurship: Three Phases of Research,” 7/11/06.

Symposium for Entrepreneurship Educators, Babson College. Panelist for session entitled, “Multiple Opportunities for Entrepreneurship Curricula and Outreach.” 5/31/06.

Women in Technology International Massachusetts Chapter Meeting, Babson College.

Moderator for Panel, “Women Inventors: Their Visions, Products and Stories.” 5/8/06.

Heidi Neck

“The Opportunity of Entrepreneurship: Integrating Entrepreneurship & the Liberal Arts.” Invited presentation at Hiram College, Ohio, 2006.

“Foundation Management Experience.” Presentation for USASBE’s Most Innovative Entrepreneurship Education Course (with D. Stoddard), 2006, Tuscon, AZ.

Reports

2005

“Global Entrepreneurship Monitor: 2004 Report on Women and Entrepreneurship.” Minnitti, M., Arenius, P. & Langowitz, N. Center for Women’s Leadership at Babson College & London Business School, 2005.

2004

“Global Entrepreneurship Monitor: 2003 Executive Report.” Reynolds, P., Bygrave, W. D., et al. Kansas City, MO: Kauffman Center for Entrepreneurial Leadership, 2004.

“The Role of Incubators in the Entrepreneurial Process.” Peters, Lois; Rice, Mark; and Sundararajan, Malavika. The Journal of Technology Transfer, Volume 29, No. 1, January 2004.

“An Entrepreneurial System View of New Venture Creation.” Neck, H. M., et al., Journal of Small Business Management, 2004.

"The Top Women-Led Businesses in Massashusetts: 2003 Results." Langowitz, N., December 2004.

2003

“Entrepreneurship and Unemployment: Relationships Between Unemployment and Entrepreneurship in 37 Nations Participating in the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) 2002." Bygrave, W. D., Cowling, M., Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research, 2003.

“The Impact of Corruption on Entrepreneurial and Economic Activity: An Expanded View.” Bygrave, W. D., Bagby, R., Palich, L. E., and Umble, E., Presented at Babson-Kauffman Entrepreneurship Research Conference, 2003.

“Financing Entrepreneurs and Their Businesses.” Presented at The Entrepreneurial Advantage of Nations symposium, United Nations Headquarters, New York, 2003.

“A study of Informal Investing in 29 Nations Composing the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM).” Venture Capital Journal, 5:2, 2003.

“Managing Interdisciplinary, Longitudinal Research on Radical Innovation: Methods for Study of Complex Phenomena.” O’Connor, Gina Colarelli; Rice, Mark P.; Peters, Lois J.; Veryzer, Robert. Organization Science, 2003.

“A Unified Systems Perspective of Family Firm Performance.” Habbershon, T., Williams, M. & MacMillan, I. Journal of Business Venturing, 2003.

“An Integrated Model for Corporate Venturing.” Altman, J., & Zacharakis, A.L., Journal of Private Equity, 6(4): 68-76, 2003.

“National Entrepreneurship Assessment, United States 2002 Executive Report: Global Entrepreneurship Monitor.” Neck, H. M., Zacharakis, A., Bygrave, W. D., & Reynolds, P. Kauffman Center for Entrepreneurial Leadership, 2003.

“Global Entrepreneurship Monitor: 2002 Executive Report.” Reynolds, P.., Bygrave, W. D., et al. Kansas City, MO: Kauffman Center for Entrepreneurial Leadership, 2003.

“A Contingent Decision-Aid for Venture Capitalists’ Investment Decisions.” Zacharakis, A.L., & Shepherd, D.A. European Journal of Operational Research, 2003.

“A New Venture’s Cognitive Legitimacy: An Assessment by Customers.” Zacharakis, A.L. & Shepherd, D.A. Journal of Small Business Management, 2003.

“Differing Perceptions of New Venture Failure: A Matched Exploratory Study of Venture Capitalists and Entrepreneurs.” Zacharakis, A.L., Meyer, G.D., & DeCastro, J.O. In L. Busenitz, H. Sapienza, & M. Wright (Eds). Venture Capital. London: Edward Elgar, 2003.

“Entrepreneurship in Emergence: Fifteen Years of Entrepreneurship Research in Management Journals.” Zacharakis, A Busenitz, L., West, G.P., Shepherd, D., Nelson, T. & Chandler, G. Journal of Management, 2003.

“The Development of Venture Capital-Backed Internet Companies: An ecosystem Perspective.” Zacharakis, A.L., Shepherd, D.A., & Coombs, J.E. Journal of Business Venturing, 2003.

“The Nature of Information and Venture Capitalists’ Overconfidence.” Zacharakis, A.L., & Shepherd, D.A. In L. Busenitz, H. Sapienza, & M. Wright (Eds). Venture Capital. London: Edward Elgar, 2003.

“Venture Capitalists’ Decision Processes: Evidence Suggesting More Experience May Not Always Be Better.” Zacharakis, A.L, Shepherd, D.A., & Baron, R.A. Journal of Business Venturing, 2003.

“Competitive Analysis and New Venture Performance: The Moderating Effect of Strategic Uncertainty and Venture Origin.” Zahra, S. & Neubaum, D. Entrepreneurship: Theory & Practice, 2003.

“Emerging Issues in Corporate Entrepreneurship.” Zahra, S., et al. Journal of Management [Special issue on Entrepreneurship], 2003.

“Leveraging Technological Resources for Competitive Advantage: The Case of Software New Ventures.” Zahra, S., et al. Journal of International Entrepreneurship, 2003.

“National Culture and Entrepreneurship: A Review and Research Agenda.” Zahra, S., et al. Entrepreneurship: Theory & Practice, 2003.

“National Culture and Entrepreneurship: Introduction to the Special Issue.” Zahra, S. & George, G. Entrepreneurship: Theory & Practice, 2003.

“Ownership and Involvement and International Expansion: An Empirical Test of the Stewardship Theory Among Family Firms.” Zahra, S. Journal of Business Venturing, 2003.

“Women in Family-Owned Businesses.” Allen, E. E. & Langowitz, N. S. Babson College Center for Women's Leadership & Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance Company. 2003.

"The Top Women-Led Businesses in Massachusetts: 2002 Results." Langowitz, N., November 2003.