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Faculty Profiles

William B Gartner

  • Professor
  • Bertarelli Foundation Distinguished Professor of Family Entrepreneurship
Academic Division: Entrepreneurship
781-239-5546

Bio

William B. Gartner is the Bertarelli Foundation Distinguished Professor of Family Entrepreneurship at Babson College. He is recognized as a leading scholar in the field of entrepreneurship by such awards as: the 2005 Swedish Entrepreneurship Foundation International Award for outstanding contributions to entrepreneurship and small business research; the 2013 Academy of Management Entrepreneurship Division Foundational Paper Award; and the 2016 Academy of Management Entrepreneurship Division Dedication to Entrepreneurship Award. His scholarship spans a wide array of topics in the entrepreneurship field: entrepreneurship as practice, the social construction of the future, varieties of value creation and appropriation, translating entrepreneurship across cultures and countries, the poetics of exchange, the demographics of entrepreneurial families, and, the nature of legacy in family entrepreneurship.

Academic Degrees

  • Ph D, University of Washington
  • MBA, University of Washington
  • BBA, University of Washington

Awards & Honors

  • 2016 — Dedication to Entrepreneurship Award, Entrepreneurship Division, Academy of Management
  • 2013 — Foundational Paper Award, Entrepreneurship Division, Academy of Management
  • 2008 — Outstanding Reviewer, Journal of Business Venturing
  • 2005 — International Award for Entrepreneurship and Small Business Research, Swedish Foundation for Small Business Research (FSF), the Swedish Agency for Economic and Regional Growth (Nutek)
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Courses

  • Degree Courses 2021

    • EPS 7556 FOUNDATIONS OF FAMILY ENTREPRENEURSHIP
  • Degree Courses 2020

    • EPS 7800 ENTREPRENEURSHIP
    • EPS 7501 FAMILY ENTREPRENEURSHIP AMPLIFIER
    • EPS 7556 FOUNDATIONS OF FAMILY ENTREPRENEURSHIP

Publications

Journal Articles

  • Teague, B.T., Tunstall, R., Champenois , C., Gartner, W.B. (in press). An introduction to Entrepreneurship as Practice (EAP). International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior and Research.
  • Hlady-Rispal, M., Fayolle, A., Gartner, W.B. (in press). In search of creative qualitative methods to capture modern-day entrepreneurship research challenges. . Journal of Small Business Management.
  • Ramoglou, S., Gartner, W.B., Tsang, E.W. (in press). ‘Who is an entrepreneur?’ Is (still) the wrong question.. Journal of Business Venturing Insights.
  • Pascucci, S., Dentoni, D., Clements, J., Poldner, K., Gartner, W.B. (in press). Forging forms of authority through the sociomateriality of food in partial organizations. . Organization Studies.
  • Neergaard, H., Gartner, W.B., Hytti, U., Diamatno, P., Rae, D. (2020). Editorial – Filling in the blanks: ‘Black boxes’ in enterprise/entrepreneurship education. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior and Research. Vol: 26, Issue: 5, Page: 817-828.
  • Lefebvre, V., Radu-Lefebvre, M., Gartner, W.B., Clarke, J. (in press). Building multitemporal awareness and reflexivity in family business: A visual sensemaking exercise. . Entrepreneurship Education and Pedagogy.
  • Schott, T., Gartner, W.B., Vescovi, T. (in press). Family business from a comparative perspective.. European Journal of International Management.
  • Thompson, N., Verduijn, K., Gartner, W.B. (2020). Entrepreneurship-as-practice: Grounding contemporary theories of practice into entrepreneurship studie. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development. Vol: 32, Issue: 3-4, Page: 247-256.
  • Wadhwani, R.D., Kirsch, D., Welter, F., Gartner, W.B., Jones, G. (2020). Context, time and change: Historical approaches to entrepreneurship research. Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal. Vol: 14, Issue: 1, Page: 3-19.
  • Nordqvist, M., Gartner, W.B. (2020). Literature, fiction and the family business. Family Business Review. Vol: 33, Issue: 2, Page: 122-129.
  • Gartner, W.B. (2019). A good man is hard to find: Project management, entrepreneurship and serendipity.. International Journal of Managing Projects in Business. . Page: 114-119. International Journal of Managing Projects in Business. link
  • Dentoni, D., Pascucci, S., Poldner, K., Gartner, W.B., , ., , . (2018). Learning who we are by doing: Processes of co-constructing prosocial identities in community-based enterprises. Journal of Business Venturing. Vol: 33, Page: 603-622.
  • Apfelthaler, G., Gartner, W.B., Kammel, A. (2017). One size does not fit all: Generalizing entrepreneurial insights in a world of differences. European Journal of International Management. Vol: 11, Issue: 3, Page: 251-261.
  • Nielsen, S., Gartner, W.B. (2017). Am I a student and/or entrepreneur? Multiple identities in student entrepreneurship.. Education and Training. Vol: 59, Issue: 2, Page: 135-154.
  • Welter, F., Baker, T., Audretsch, D.B., Gartner, W.B. (2017). Everyday entrepreneurship: A call for entrepreneurship research to embrace entrepreneurial diversity. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice. Vol: 41, Issue: 3, Page: 311-321.
  • Frid, C.J., Wyman, D.M., Gartner, W.B., Hechavarria, D.M. (2016). Low-wealth entrepreneurs and access to external financing. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior and Research. Vol: 22, Issue: 4, Page: 1-25.
  • Ingram, A.E., Lewis, M.W., Barton, S., Gartner, W.B. (2016). Paradoxes and innovation in family firms: The role of paradoxical thinking. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice. Vol: 40, Issue: 1, Page: 161-176.
  • Fayolle, A., Landstrom, H., Gartner, W.B., Berglund, K. (2016). The institutionalization of entrepreneurship: Questioning the status quo and re-gaining hope for entrepreneurial research. Entrepreneurship & Regional Development: An International Journal. Vol: 28, Issue: 7-8, Page: 477-486.
  • Gartner, W.B. (2015). Arts entrepreneurship: Scope, practice and community. Artivate: A Journal of Entrepreneurship in the Arts. Vol: 4, Issue: 2, Page: 3-6.
  • Frid, C.J., Wyman, D.M., Gartner, W.B. (2015). The influence of financial "Skin in the Game" on new venture creation. Academy of Entrepreneurship Journal. Vol: 21, Issue: 2, Page: 1-14.
  • Gartner, W.B. (2013). Creating a community of difference in entrepreneurship scholarship. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development. Vol: 25, Issue: 1-2, Page: 5-15.
  • Tedmanson, D., Verduyn, K., Essers, C., Gartner, W.B. (2012). Critical perspectives in entrepreneurship research. Organization. Vol: 19, Issue: 5, Page: 531-541.
  • Gartner, W.B., Frid, C.S., Alexander, J.C. (2012). Financing the emerging business. Small Business Economics. Vol: 39, Issue: 3, Page: 745-761.
  • Gartner, W.B., Shaver, K.G. (2012). Nascent entrepreneurship panel studies: Progress and challenges. Small Business Economics. Vol: 39, Issue: 3, Page: 659-665.
  • Gartner, W.B., Jainwen, (. (2012). The effects of perceptions of risk, environmental uncertainty and growth aspirations on new venture creation success. Small Business Economics. Vol: 39, Issue: 3, Page: 703-712.

Books

  • Allen, M.R., Gartner, W.B. (in press). Family Entrepreneurship - Insights from Leading Experts on Successful Transgenerational Entrepreneurial Families: Family Entrepreneurship - Insights from Leading Experts on Successful Transgenerational Entrepreneurial Families. Palgrave MacMillan.
  • Gartner, W.B., Teague, B. (2020). Research handbook on entrepreneurial behavior, practice and process.: Research handbook on entrepreneurial behavior, practice and process.. Edward Elgar.
  • Fayolle, A., Landstrom, H., Gartner, W.B., Berglund, K. (2018). Institutionalization of Entrepreneurship Research. Routledge.
  • Welter, F., Gartner, W.B. (2016). A Research Agenda for Entrepreneurship and Context. Issue: 1, Page: 172. Edward Elgar Publishing.
  • Gartner, W.B. (2016). Entrepreneurship as Organizing: Selected Papers of William B. Gartner. Edward Elgar Publishing.

Cases and Teaching Notes

  • Gartner, W.B., Clarke, A.H. (2012). Man on the moon- A business case competition in a global economy: Entrepreneurship in Theory and Practice: Paradoxes in Play. Page: 178-182. Edward Elgar Publishing.

Book Chapters

  • Gartner, W.B., Ellborg , K., Kiefer , T. (2021). What does entrepreneurship mean to you? Using ‘Implicit Entrepreneurship Theory’ in the classroom.: Annals of Entrepreneurship Education and Pedagogy – 2021 (Vol. 4). Vol: 4, Page: 356-360. Edward Elgar Publishing.
  • Crosina, E., Gartner, W.B. (in press). Managing legacy, achievement and identity in entrepreneurial families. : Family Entrepreneurship - Insights from Leading Experts on Successful Transgenerational Entrepreneurial Families. Palgrave MacMillan .
  • Radu-Lefebvre, M., LeFebvre, V., Clarke, J., Gartner, W.B. (2020). Entrepreneurial legacy: How narratives of the past, present and future affect entrepreneurship in business families: A Research Agenda for Family Business. Page: 73-86. Edward Elgar.
  • Lubinski, C., Gartner, W.B. (2020). Integrating historical methods and perspectives in family business research: A Research Agenda for Family Business. Page: 29-60. Edward Elgar.
  • Teague, B., Gartner, W.B. (2020). Expert skills: Implications for studying the behavior of entrepreneurs.: Research handbook on entrepreneurial behavior, practice and process.. Page: 12-29. Edward Elgar.
  • Gartner, W.B., Teague, B. (2020). Introduction: Research handbook on entrepreneurial behavior, practice and process.. Page: 1-11. Edward Elgar.
  • Dentoni, D., Poldner, K., Pascucci, S., Gartner, W.B. (2018). Consumer entrepreneurship: What is it? When, how and why does it emerge?: Hybrid ventures: Perspectives and Approaches to Blended Value Entrepreneurship. Advances in Entrepreneurship, Firm Emergence and Growth . Vol: 19, Page: 187-218. IAP.
  • Teague, B.T., Gartner, W.B. (2017). Towards a theory of entrepreneurial behavior: Wiley Handbook of Entrepreneurship. Page: 71-94. John Wiley and Sons, Ltd..
  • Gartner, W.B., Teague, B.T., Baker, T., Wadhwani, D. (2017). A brief history of the idea of opportunity: Research Handbook on Opportunity Formation. Issue: 1, Page: pp. 45-67. Edward Elgar Publishing.
  • Welter, F., Gartner, W.B. (2016). Advancing our research agenda for entrepreneurship and contexts: A Research Agenda for Entrepreneurship and Context. Page: 156-160. Edward Elgar Publishing.
  • Gartner, W.B. (2016). Anecdotes of destiny: The Routledge Companion to the Makers of Modern Entrepreneurship. Page: 130-145. Routledge.
  • Gartner, W.B. (2016). Narrating context: A Research Agenda for Entrepreneurship and Context. Page: 146-155. Edward Elgar Publishing.
  • Welter, F., Gartner, W.B., Wright, M. (2016). The context of contextualizing contexts: A Research Agenda for Entrepreneurship and Context. Page: 1-15. Edward Elgar Publishing.
  • Gartner, W.B. (2015). Forward: The Routledge Companion to Entrepreneurship. Page: xxi-xxiii.
  • Gartner, W.B. (2014). Notes towards a theory of entrepreneurial possiblity: Handbook of Research in Small Business and Entrepreneurship. Page: 25-37. Edward Elgar Publishing.
  • Gartner, W.B. (2014). Organizing entrepreneurship (research): Handbook of Research in Entrepreneurship. Page: 13-22. Edward Elgar Publishing.
  • Gartner, W.B. (2012). Entrepreneurship as organization creation: Handbook of Organizational Entrepreneurship. Page: 21-30. Edward Elgar Publishing.
  • Hjorth, D., Gartner, W.B. (2012). Moving and being moved: Ideas, perspectives and 59 theses on entrepreneurial leadership: Handbook of Organizational Entrepreneurship. Page: 362-377. Edward Elgar Publishing.
  • Gartner, W.B., Jainwen, (. (2012). Risk takers and taking risks: Chance and Intent. Page: 19-34. Routledge.

Reports

  • Kelley, D.J., Gartner, W.B., Allen, M.R. (2020). Global Entrepreneurship Monitor Family Business Report: Global Entrepreneurship Monitor Family Business Report. Babson College.

Conference Proceedings

  • Randolph, A.F., Simon, J.K., Greenberg, D., Gartner, W.B. (2020). Rule Breaking, Gender, Social Status and Entrepreneurial Persistence.
  • Gartner, W.B., Ingram, A.E. (2013). What do entrepreneurs talk about when they talk about failure?: Frontiers of Entrepreneurial Research 2013. Babson College.

Other

  • Gartner, W.B. (2015). Ten haikus on "The Internet's Own Boy": Unplugged-Voices: The Internet's Own Boy: The Story of Aaron Swartz (2014). Vol: 18, Issue: 5, Page: 370. M@N@GEMENT. link

Presentations

  • Drama! Incorporating theater in entrepreneurship education Balachandra, L. Bal, A. Gartner, W. McAdam, M. Ellborg, K. Radu-Lefebre, M. Wynstra, C. USASBE, Virtual (2021)
  • Entrepreneurial Legacy and Resilience in Family Businesses Gartner, W. Allen, M. Small Business Economics Virtual Paper Development Workshop “Economic effects of the COVID-19 2020 Pandemic on Entrepreneurship and Small Firm, ONLINE (2020)
  • The Distinctiveness of Family and Non-Family Businesses in MENA countries compared to Family and Non-Family Businesses in Secular-Rational Cultures Schott, T. Ayman, Ismail, I. Gartner, W. Roomi, M. Family Business in the Arab World Conference, UAE (2020)
  • Value Creation / The I of the Beholder / Gets What is Given? Gartner, W. Society for Arts Entrepreneurship Education 2020 Virtual Conference, ONLINE (2020)
  • Panel Symposium - Entrepreneurial Expertise and Entrepreneurial Behavior Gartner, W. Teague, B. Sarasvathy, S. Dew, N. Mitchell, R. Mitchell, R. Academy of Management Meeting, ONLINE (2020)
  • Rule breaking, gender, social status and entrepreneurial persistence Randolph, A. Simon, J. Greenberg, D. Gartner, W. Academy of Management Meeting, ONLINE (2020)
  • Ready or not? The sequence of nascent entrepreneurs’ actions and external financing Frid, C. Warhus, J. Gartner, W. Academy of Management National Meeting, ONLINE (2020)
  • The Future of Family Business Research Gartner, W. ICSB 1ST VIRTUAL FAMILY BUSINESS RESEARCH & PRACTICE CONFERENCE, ONLINE (2020)
  • Research Symposium and Workshop Brush, C. Gartner, W. Babson Academy , on-line (2020)
  • History of Entrepreneurship Scholarship Gartner, W. History of Entrepreneurship Scholarship, LUND, SWEDEN (2020)
  • Navigating and negotiating past legacies through visual narratives in family business Lefebvre, V. Radu-Lefebvre, M. Gartner, W. Clarke, J. USASBE 2020 Annual Meeting, New Orleans (2020)
  • Portraits of the past, present and future of families and their businesses Lefebvre, V. Radu-Lefebvre , M. Gartner, W. Clarke, J. USASBE 2020ANNUAL CONFERENCE, New Orleans (2020)
  • NEXT STEPS Gartner, W. Historical Entrepreneurship Research Sympoisum, Los Angeles (2019)
  • Entrepreneurial legacy: Images of facilitating or inhibiting successor entrepreneurial identity. Radu - LeFebvre, M. LeFevbre, V. Clarke, J. Gartner, W. Academy of Management Annual Meeting, Boston (2019)
  • The family business as a community of practice: Exploring the nature of how practices change and evolve over time McAdam, M. Clinton, E. Gamble, J. Gartner, W. Academy of Management Annual Meeting, Chicago (2019)
  • Exploring Implicit Entrepreneurship Theory Gartner, W. Kiefer, T. Ellborg, K. USASBE Annual Meeting, St. Pete, Florida (2019)
  • What does entrepreneurship mean to you? Exploring ‘Implicit Entrepreneurship Theory.’ Gartner, W. Kiefer, T. Ellborg, K. USASBE Annual Meeting, St. Pete Beach (2019)
  • Logic matters: A meta-theoretical analysis of the entrepreneur Ramoglou, S. Gartner, W. Tsang, E. Academy of Management, Chicago (2018)
  • Developing legacy for sustainable family business Gartner, W. Developing Legacy for the Sustainable Family Business Conference, Jakarta, Indonesia (2018)
  • A multi-disciplinary approach to family entrepreneurship Gartner, W. BFI@SMU 5th Anniversary Celebration and STEP APAC Summit 2018, Singapore (2018)
  • Creating and Providing Value Through Entrepreneurship Gartner, W. Executive Skills for Pastors - July 16, 2018, Thousand Oaks, CA (2018)
  • Understanding family entrepreneurship in successors’ prospective and retrospective thinking through visual narrative analysis Radu-Lefebvre, M. Lefebvre, V. Clarke, J. Gartner, W. Babson Entrepreneurship Research Conference, Waterford (Ireland), (2018)
  • Key Themes in Family Entrepreneurship Research Gartner, W. Family Business Research Workshop, Dublin (2018)
  • Creating and Providing Value Through Entrepreneurship Gartner, W. Executive Skills for Church Leaders - January 11, 2018, Phoenix, AR (2018)
  • What do Hollywood films say about entrepreneurship? Ten questions for the class room. Gartner, W. USASBE ANNUAL CONFERENCE, Hollywood, CA (2018)
  • Building Capacity in the Innovation Ecosystem: The Creative Dynamic Between Academic and Applied Innovation Gartner, W. Fairfield, C. Sweden-US Entrepreneurial Forum 2017, Sweden (2017)
  • Prosocial values, entrepreneurship and community organizing in shared consumption Dentoni, D. Poldner, K. Pascucci, S. Gartner, W. 33rd EGOS Colloquium, Copenhagen, Denmark (2017)
  • Consumer entrepreneurship as a prosocial practice Dentoni, D. Poldner, K. Pascucci, S. Gartner, W. Journal of Business Venturing, London, Ontario (2017)
  • Failing Successfully Gartner, W. Innovation Day in Smaland, Vaxjo, Sweden (2016)
  • Why we need practice approaches in entrepreneurship studies Gartner, W. 1st Annual Workshop on Entrepreneurship as Practice, Amsterdam, Netherlands (2016)
  • ENTREFESTO: Aphorisms and Cliches for an Entrepreneurial Future Gartner, W. 2015 EFMD Entrepreneurship Education Conference, Copenhagen, Denmark (2015)
  • A Haiku for You Gartner, W. 7th Art of Management and Organization Conference, Copenhagen, Denmark (2014)
  • Organizing as Aesthetic: Meeting as the Art of Christo and Jean Claude Gartner, W. Guillet de Monthoux, P. 7th Art of Management and Organization Conference, Copenhagen, Denmark (2014)
  • Characteristics of no + low financed businesses Frid, C. Wyman, D. Gartner, W. 2014 Babson College Entrepreneurship Research Conference, London, Ontario (2014)
  • Exit before entry: Exploring reasons nascent entrepreneurs offer for quitting the startup process Frid, C. Gartner, W. Cardon, M. 2014 Babson College Entrepreneurship Research Conference, London, Ontario (2014)
  • Future of entrepreneurship research in Europe Gartner, W. AEI 2013: 8th Congress De L'Academie De L'Entrepreneuriat Et De L'Innovation, Fribourg, Switzerland (2013)
  • What do entrepreneurs talk about when they talk about failure? Gartner, W. Ingram, A. Babson College Entrepreneurial Research Conference, Lyon, France (2013)
  • Entre-Festo Gartner, W. Advancing European Traditions of Entrepreneurship Studies Conference, Leeds, UK (2013)
  • What do entrepreneurs talk about when they talk about failure? Gartner, W. CREED Seminar at ICOSS, Sheffield, UK (2013)
  • Using qualitative measures in advancing small business and entrepreneurship research Gartner, W. ISBE Doctoral Workshop on Qualitative Research on Small Business and Entrepreneurship, Leeds, UK (2013)
  • How to Fail Gartner, W. Copenhagen Innovation Symposium, Copenhagen, Denmark (2012)
  • Do entrepreneurs get what they want? Entrepreneurs' expectations prior to venture creation Frid, C. Gartner, W. 3rd Annual Global Entrepreneurship Research and Policy Conference, Washington, DC (2012)
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