Federal regulations require that employment terminates at the conclusion of the authorized period of practical/academic training. However, students in F‐1 status or students in J‐1 status (who are not subject to a two‐year home residency requirement), may continue to be employed if they receive approval for a change of immigration status, usually to H‐1B.
H-1B temporary worker status is a nonimmigrant immigration classification used to hire a foreign national professional for a temporary period of time. H-1B status is initially granted for a maximum period of three years and can be extended to a total of six years.
Students must have a minimum of a bachelor's degree in order to qualify for H‐1B status. H-1B status is employer-specific: it is valid only for employment with the company that petitioned for them and immediately ends on upon termination of employment.
An H-1B petition must be filed by an employer; the employee can not file on his/her own behalf. Employers typically hire an immigration attorney to process the application.